Topping Cannabis Plants: Why, When & How

Topping is a central and fundamental plant training practice It enables you to train your plants to grow horizontally and make the most efficient use of the light In this article we explain the science of apical dominance and the reasons why you should top cannabis plants...

Topping vs FIMing Cannabis

Topping and FIMing are two plant training techniques that involve "pinching" or cutting off some of the top growth of your plant These techniques are designed to give you a free way to achieve better plant shape (to make better use of the available light...

Petroleum refining

Petroleum refining - Petroleum refining - Refinery plant and facilities: Each petroleum refinery is uniquely configured to process a specific raw material into a desired slate of products In order to determine which configuration is most economical, engineers and planners survey the local market for petroleum products and assess the available raw materials Since about half the product of ....

Crude Distillation (Topping) Unit

Phoenix Equipment Corporation has this used complete crude distillation unit (topping unit) for sale immediately available Phoenix Equipment is a global buyer and seller of used chemical plants and refineries, such as this complete 10,000 BPD crude distillation unit Call phoenix equipment today to receive a quote for this crude distillation unit or any of our other used refinery processing ....

Crude Oil Distillation

Feb 06, 2013· Crude oil is processed into more useful petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel In this video, learn the theory and process behind how crude oil distilation works...

Natural gas condensate

"An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas...

Refinery automation in the fieldbus era

Figure 1 Calcasieu crude topping refinery near Lake Charles, Louisiana, USA Figure 2 Simplified process flow diagram of Calcasieu refinery after Crude Unit 1 was restored in 2000, bringing the plants capacity up to 22 000 bpd...

Crude Oil Topping Units

CRUDE OIL TOPPING UNITS Pyramid E&C builds topping refineries which are suitable for light, low sulphur crudes to produce automotive fuels, ie, Diesel and Gasoline from Crude Oil and Condensate The building blocks of these refineries include desalting, atmospheric distillation, and ,...

Topping Outdoor Plants | THCFarmer

Aug 06, 2016· Topping increasing yield is an old wives tail in my opinion Topping did however create weak branches, which took more supports, and created more work and more hassle Training the main leader and branches as well as pruning works far better to control your canopy and does not have the negative effects of topping...

Topping Cannabis User Guide

Dec 01, 2016· Topping Topping cannabis may be the easiest way to increase your yield It is as easy as cutting the very top of your plant off This will most likely cause two new tops to form (causing your plant to look like a field goal post) Topping or cutting the meristem will shift greater growth concentration to lower branch tips FIM-ing...

Condensate splitter

Jun 03, 2003· Splitters are basically crude diatillation units with may be pre-flash tower and a main distillation column Gas plant is required to handle the LPG and stabilization of light naphtha As the condensate is a byproduct of Natural Gas, it has to be sold by the producers either separately or as a spiked product in Crude ( if available nearby)...

Oil refinery

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils Petrochemicals feed stock like ethylene and propylene can also be produced directly by cracking crude oil without the need ....

crude topping plant diagram

crude topping plant diagram; The Case for Modular Mini-Refineri The simplest is a topping plant, which consists only of a crude distillation unit and probably a catalytic reformer to provide gasoline Yields from such a plant would most closely reflect the natural yields from the crude processed Typically only condensates or light sweet crude ....

Crude Oil Distillation Units (CDU's ,

Phoenix Equipment has for sale used Crude Oil Distillation Units (CDU's) along with hundreds of other used refinery units Call Phoenix today to receive a quote for one of our used Crude Oil Distillation Units (CDU's) for Sale...

Typical Process Flow Diagrams (PFDs)

Block diagram for pygas processing - Pyrolosis gasoline or pygas (C5+ cut) is a liquid by-product derived from steam cracking of various hydrocarbon feedstocks in olefin plants This C5+ cut, if left in its raw form, has little commercial value owing to its high reactivity and low stability...

Crude Oil Distillation Process Part 1

Aug 16, 2010· An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base ....

Hydroskimming

Crude Oil for processing by Petrojam is purchased under the San Jose Accord from Venezuela and Mexico and the Caracas Agreement with Venezuela In addition, some crude oil is purchased from third party suppliers, as the refinery diversifies sources to take advantage of lower cost crude Process The refinery in Kingston Jamaica operates as a hydroskimming type plant...

Petroleum refining processes

Flow diagram of a typical petroleum refinery The image below is a schematic flow diagram of a typical petroleum refinery that depicts the various refining processes and the flow of intermediate product streams that occurs between the inlet crude oil feedstock and the final end-products...

Process flow diagram

A Process Flow Diagram (PFD) is a diagram which shows the relationships between the main components in a system Process Flow Diagrams are widely used by engineers in chemical and process engineering, they allows to indicate the general flow of plant process streams and equipment, helps to design the petroleum refineries, petrochemical and chemical plants, natural gas processing plants, ,...

Petroleum Refinery Process

Create Process Flow Diagram examples like this template called Petroleum Refinery Process that you can easily edit and customize in minut , Petroleum Refinery Process , Crude Oil Desalting Gas Separation Atmospheric Distillation Vacuum Distillation Desalted crude oil Gas plant Gas Polymerization Alkylation Fuel gases LPG Gasoline ....